As the single largest sector using 60 percent of world’s ecosystems and providing livelihoods for 40 percent of today’s global population, the food and agriculture sector is critical to greening the economy. There will be no green economy without agriculture.

FAO is examining how the green economy translates into the food and agriculture sector. The Greening the Economy with Agriculture (GEA) Initiative seeks to contribute to the definition and implementation of the green economy, with a particular emphasis on food and nutrition security. “GEA refers to ensuring the right to adequate food, as well as food and nutrition security – in terms of food availability, access, stability and utilization – and contributing to the quality of rural livelihoods, while efficiently managing natural resources and improving resilience and equity throughout the food supply chain, taking into account countries’ individual circumstances. GEA can be achieved by applying an ecosystem approach to agriculture, forestry and fisheries management in a manner that addresses the multiplicity of societal needs and desires, without jeopardizing the options for future generations to benefit from the full range of goods and services provided by terrestrial, aquatic and marine ecosystems. Therefore, GEA strives to: (i) achieve food and nutrition security through an appropriate balance between domestic production and trade; (ii) contribute to achieving the right to adequate food for all; (iii) ensure decent rural livelihoods; (iv)use traditional and scientific knowledge to maintain healthy ecosystems that integrate food production and respect natural resource constraints.” (FAO 2011 - CL 43/18)